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Federal Tax ID Number or EIN is also referred to as a Taxpayer ID, Employer ID, TIN, and FEIN. It is similar to a Social Security Number in that it is used by the Internal Revenue Service for tax identification purposes. An EIN is issued with a unique 9 digit number in the following sample format: 00-0000000. EIN Numbers do not have an expiration date and will only be issued to a Sole Proprietor once. Any of the following entity types must be issued an EIN to conduct business: LLC, Corporation, Partnership, S Corporation, Non-Profit Organization, etc. When an EIN has been assigned by the IRS to a business entity, it becomes the permanent Federal Taxpayer ID Number for that entity.
You will need to complete Form SS-5, Application for a Social Security Card (PDF). You also must submit evidence of your identity, age, and U.S. citizenship or lawful alien status. For more information please see the Social Security Administration web site.
Form SS-5 is also available by calling 1-800-772-1213 or visiting your local Social Security office. These services are free.
An Employer Identification Number (EIN) is also known as a federal tax identification number and is used to identify a business entity. It is also used by estates and trusts which have income which is required to be reported on Form 1041, U.S. Income Tax Return for Estates and Trusts. Refer to Employer ID Numbers for more information.